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regarding anxiety/panic disorder
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
You are in "Other Issues"
Understandably, one of the first questions parents ask when they learn their child has an attention disorder is "Why? What went wrong?"
Health professionals stress that since no one knows what causes Attention
Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, it doesn't help parents to look backward to search for possible reasons. There are too many possibilities to pin down the cause with certainty. It is far more important for the family to move forward in finding ways to get the right help
for anxiety disorders.
Scientists, however, do need to study causes in an effort to identify better ways to treat, and perhaps some day, prevent ADHD. They are finding more and more evidence that ADHD does not stem from home environment, but from biological causes. When you think about it, there is no clear relationship between home life and ADHD. Not all children from unstable or dysfunctional homes have ADHD. And not all children with ADHD come from dysfunctional families. Knowing this can remove a huge burden of guilt from parents who might blame themselves for their child's behavior.
Over the last decades, scientists have come up with possible theories about
what causes Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Some of these theories have led to dead ends, some to
exciting new avenues of investigation.
One disappointing theory was that all anxiety disorders and learning
disabilities were caused by minor head injuries or undetectable damage to
the brain, perhaps from early infection or complications at birth. Based on
this theory, for many years both disorders were called "minimal brain
or "minimal brain dysfunction." Although certain types of head injury
can explain some cases of attention disorder, the theory was rejected
because it could explain only a very small number of cases. Not everyone
with ADHD or LD has a history of head trauma or birth complications.
Another theory was that refined sugar and food additives make children
hyperactive and inattentive. As a result, parents were encouraged to stop
serving children foods containing artificial flavorings, preservatives, and
sugars. However, this theory, too, came under question. In 1982, the
National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Federal agency responsible for
biomedical research, held a major scientific conference to discuss the
issue. Many parents opt to try adhd medications. After studying the data, the scientists concluded that the restricted
diet only seemed to help about 5 percent of children with ADHD, mostly
either young children or children with food allergies.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Is Not Usually Caused by:
- too much TV
- food allergies
- excess sugar
- poor home life
- poor schools
In recent years, as new tools and techniques for studying the brain have
been developed, scientists have been able to test more theories about what
Using one such technique, NIMH scientists demonstrated a link between a
person's ability to pay continued attention and the level of activity in the
brain. Adult subjects were asked to learn a list of words. As they did,
scientists used a PET (positron emission tomography) scanner to
observe the brain at work. The researchers measured the level of glucose
used by the areas of the brain that inhibit impulses and control attention.
Glucose is the brain's main source of energy, so measuring how much is used
is a good indicator of the brain's activity level. The investigators found
important differences between people who have ADHD and those who don't. In
people with ADHD, the brain areas that control attention used less glucose,
indicating that they were less active. It appears from this research that a
lower level of activity in some parts of the brain may cause inattention.
There are a wide range of adhd medications that have been proven to help the
Treat ADHD Naturally
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